Twelve new moons have been discovered by researchers orbiting Jupiter, taking the total digit of natural satellites rotating around the sovereign of planets to a massive 79. The discoveries comprise 11 “usual” outer moons and 1 that researchers refer an “oddball.”
Scientists, directed by Scott S Sheppard, US Carnegie Institution for Science, initially speckled the moons in the previous year while they’re observing for a likely huge planet further than Pluto.
Sheppard said, “Jupiter just ensued to be in the sky close to the study fields where we’re observing for very far-away Solar System entities, so we were by chance able to search for new moons around the planet while simultaneously searching for planets at our Solar System’s extremes.”
Nine of the discovered moons are a division of a distant outer group of moons that revolve around it in the retrograde, or reverse direction of spin rotation of Jupiter. These remote retrograde moons are clustered into at least 3 separate orbital groups and are deemed to be the residues of 3 once-bigger parent entities that broke into pieces during blasts with comets, other moons, or asteroids. The recently found retrograde moons take around 2 Years to revolve around Jupiter.
Two of the latest findings are a division of a nearer, inner grouping of moons that revolve in the prograde, or identical direction as the rotation of the planet. These inner prograde moons all possess identical orbital angles of inclinations and distances around Jupiter and thus, are deemed to also be pieces of a bigger moon that was disintegrated. These 2 newly found moons require a little less than a year to revolve around Jupiter.
In a new picture released by NASA’s Juno, Jupiter seems less resembling a planet and more resembling a painting. The photo captures the “turbulent and chaotic” clouds of Jupiter, with whirling formations and numerous vortices in the northern hemisphere of the giant planet.